The subtle Indo Portuguese fusion that is reflected in the Goan landscape, culture and society is undeniably a consequence of the state’s chequered history. From the fourth century AD, Goa was ruled by a succession of Hindu dynasties, including the Kadambs, whose rule spanning two and a half centuries is regarded as the Golden age in Goa’s history.
Muslim influences percolated into the society when the region came under the Bahmani Sultans and subsequently the Adil Shahis of Bijapur. With Afonso de Albuquerque's arrival, the Portuguese came into the picture in 1510 with the intent to colonize and seize control of the spice trade from other European powers. Goa soon became the jewel in Portugal’s crown and until as recently as 1961 was a Portuguese territory.